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  1. Is Liz Truss the first PM to go to a comprehensive school?

    Reality Check

    In her speech, Liz Truss said she was “the first Prime Minister of our country to have gone to a comprehensive school.”

    But former Tory PM Theresa May went to a grammar school that became a comprehensive, while she was still a pupil.

    Former Labour PM, Gordon Brown went to Kirkcaldy High School, a state secondary school.

    There was an element of selection as Mr Brown was chosen to enter a fast stream for intensive learning for the brightest pupils.

    John Major, former Tory PM, went to a grammar school, which became a comprehensive after he left.

    Former PMs Boris Johnson, David Cameron and Tony Blair all attended private schools.

  2. Video content

    Video caption: Mahsa Amini: How one woman's death sparked a movement

    The BBC has analysed over 1,000 videos of unprecedented protests following Mahsa Amini's death in custody.

  3. Does the OBR see budget measures in advance?

    Reality Check

    Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng was asked on BBC Radio 4’s Today whether he’d discussed his cut to the 45p tax rate with the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) before announcing it in his mini-budget.

    The OBR comes up with independent economic forecasts at least twice a year, usually at the time of budgets – but it wasn’t commissioned by the government to do this before the mini-budget.

    "No chancellor has trailed their budget with the OBR before announcing it," Kwasi Kwarteng said.

    But that's not right. Part of the OBR's job is to alter its forecasts for the economy based on the policies in the budget and also to check how much the government says its measures will cost.

    The process is set out very clearly by the OBR. "At the outset of the forecast process, the OBR and the Treasury agree deadlines by which the OBR must be told of a proposed policy measure," in order to be able to include it in the publication.

    That deadline is "typically around 5 days before the statement" and if you look through past editions of the Economic and Fiscal Outlook it is very clear that the OBR has been given policy measures in advance in the past.

  4. Did UK have two decades of relatively low growth?

    Reality Check

    The UK's growth has been low in the past decade, and the decline started before the Covid pandemic.

    The UK economy grew at an average rate of 2.3% between 1982 and 1992, and 2.6% between 1993 and 2002.

    In the past two decades, the economy has grown by an average of 1.4% each year. But it has been affected by two major global crises - the financial crash of 2008 and the Covid pandemic that started in 2020.

    Even if you exclude these, growth in the last 10 years has not matched previous decades. The UK saw an average growth rate of 2.5% between 2002 and 2007 (before the financial crash of 2008-09). In the years after the crash and before Covid – 2010 to 2019 – it grew at a rate of 2%.

    Liz Truss and Kwasi Kwarteng have said their goal is to secure steady growth for the UK of 2.5% a year.

  5. Video content

    Video caption: Hurricanes: Are they getting more violent?

    It's the time of year when most hurricanes form - is climate change making them more severe?

  6. How high is the UK's tax burden?

    Reality Check

    The chancellor told Laura Kuenssberg that he found it "unacceptable and unsustainable" that the UK was heading for a "70-year tax high and that we could continue simply raising taxes".

    Kwarteng is right that we were heading for taxes to take more of the economy than they had for over 70 years.

    The government's plans in March were forecast to bring the tax burden to over 36% of the size of the economy by 2027, according the official independent government spending watchdog, the OBR.

    That would have been the highest tax burden since the 1940s.

    The government has not made available any independent assessment of their new spending plans. But the Institute for Fiscal Studies has tried to calculate their effect.

    The IFS says that the new plans will bring the tax take back down to where it was last year but that still leaves it at its "highest sustained level since the 1950s".

    While the UK's tax take is forecast to remain high by historical standards, that's still not the highest among leading industrial economies: higher than the US but lower than western European countries like France or Germany.

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